1st time with chicks, please advise

Discussion in 'New Member Introductions' started by Marks Chicks, Aug 13, 2013.

  1. Marks Chicks

    Marks Chicks New Egg

    6
    0
    9
    Aug 13, 2013
    We are getting 4 or 6 (haven't decided yet) 2-week-old chicks next week. This is our first time owning chickens. We only want hens (if we guess the sex wrong and get roosters, we will immediately find them new homes) and we only want them for laying eggs and as beloved pets. I have lots of questions:

    1. Any recommended chick food brand? We like to eat/feed as naturally as possible, but at the same time we can't afford the most expensive stuff on the market. Looking for good quality and good price.

    2. I know to keep food available 24/7, so if I leave out a decent size bowl for 4-6 baby chicks, how often do you think I'll need to fill the bowl?

    3. We live in central Florida in a neighborhood, so large predators will never be a problem. Maybe hawks, owls, and cats will be the most dangerous predators. At what age/size will it be safe to let the chicks free range in our large fenced-in back yard unattended?

    4. For a first timer with new chicks, what would you recommend as far as number of chicks: 4 or 6? I've read that chickens can be aggressive with each other, and I don't want a lot for fear of them getting in fights. Would 4 be less likely to fight than 6?

    5. I know their poop can be composted and put to good use. Will they poop anywhere and everywhere in the yard to where maybe I won't be able to find it in the grass? Or do they normally poop in the coop (haha) in a specific place where I can easily collect it to add to compost pile?

    6. I read that to get them to lay eggs in the next box, I should put a golf ball in there so they will think it's an egg and always lay their eggs in the box like they're supposed to? Is this really true? Should I always have a golf ball in there from day 1, or wait until they are egg-laying age?

    7. When do they start laying eggs?

    8. Beside their regular chicken feed, how often should they have treats (healthy table scraps) and how much? What about scratch and meal worms, how often and how much? Again, we like natural and healthy, and I read somewhere that scratch is like candy...is that true?

    9. I am so worried they will get mites and lice and get our dog infested then our house will be infested and everything will be disgusting. I was told that they give themselves dust baths and that's enough to keep them mite and lice free. Is that really true though? Is there any other natural preventative (besides pesticides) I can use to PREVENT mites and lice? And natural preventative to GET RID OF mites and lice if the chickens get them? If they get mites and lice, will the bugs jump on me or my family without us knowing/seeing? I am REALLY concerned about this possibility, any advice on how to prevent bug problems is much appreciated!

    10. For added calcium from oyster shells, do I just put whole oyster shells in the coop in a dish or on the ground? Do they just peck at it and get calcium, or do they actually somehow eat oyster shells? How long should I leave oyster shells out there for them?

    11. Is it common for them to get all these chicken diseases you read about in chicken magazines, or is disease rare and unlikely? We do not have a lot of wild birds around, other than small birds like mocking birds, blue jays, cardinals, and ground doves. There may be hawks and owls around, but we've never seen them in our yard. There are no other chicken around except far down the road and they never come out of that person's back yard. Should I vaccinate my chickens or are they probably safe from disease?

    12. We have 3 cats. I will obviously keep the baby chicks safe in their coop and box while they are still small. At what age/size would it be safe for them to be around the cats? Two of our cats are very docile and I know would never try to attack the chickens, but I could see them scratching if a chicken came close to them. One cat is a meany and might try to attack? I know if the chickens fought back all 3 cats would run away. Do chickens normally defend themselves against cats or just get attacked?

    14. The person I am getting the chicks from has chickens and roosters. Does this mean that the eggs my hens will eventually lay will be fertilized for sure, meaning they'll definitely hatch baby chicks if I let them get to that point? Again, we only want eggs for eating. Is there a chance that if we take the egg and leave it in the fridge for a week or so, will it have that red dot thing inside that I've been told is a baby chicken fetus and should not be eaten? Please advise on this, I don't want us to eat a bad egg or put an egg in the fridge only to crack it and find a dead baby chicken fall out. Yikes!

    15. Any other suggestions or advice for a first-time chicken raiser only wanting hens for laying eggs and being sweet, cuddly pets? :)

    Thank you!
     
  2. liz9910

    liz9910 Overrun With Chickens

    12,406
    497
    338
    Apr 8, 2012
    Northern California
    Welcome to BYC! You should definitely check out the Learning Center, it will answer almost every question you have. It's an awesome collection of all you need to know about raising chickens. https://www.backyardchickens.com/atype/1/Learning_Center










    14. The eggs your chickens will lay won't be fertilized unless you have a rooster. The eggs will taste the same fertilized as not and won't start developing into chicks unless you let a hen sit on them.
     
    Last edited: Aug 13, 2013
    2 people like this.
  3. ChickenCanoe

    ChickenCanoe True BYC Addict

    22,060
    3,106
    506
    Nov 23, 2010
    St. Louis, MO
     
    1 person likes this.
  4. 1muttsfan

    1muttsfan Overrun With Chickens

    18,993
    1,476
    396
    Mar 26, 2011
    Upper Peninsula Michigan
    Hi and welcome to BYC from northern Michigan [​IMG]

    I would also recommend a trip to the Learning Center.
     
  5. redsoxs

    redsoxs Chicken Obsessed

    25,645
    1,869
    463
    Jul 17, 2011
    North Central Kansas
    Greetings from Kansas, Marks Chicks, and [​IMG]! Great to have you aboard! Sounds like you've already received some great advice so I'll just say good luck and best wishes!!!
     
  6. Mr MKK FARMS

    Mr MKK FARMS Chicken Obsessed Premium Member

    33,753
    701
    428
    Sep 27, 2012
    Welcome to BYC! Glad you joined us! [​IMG]
     
  7. BantamFan4Life

    BantamFan4Life LOOK WHAT YOU MADE ME DO. Premium Member

    84,499
    3,821
    646
    Jun 15, 2012
    Washington
    My Coop
    Welcome to BYC! Happy you joined!
     
  8. drumstick diva

    drumstick diva Still crazy after all these years. Premium Member

    84,745
    14,644
    816
    Aug 26, 2009
    Out to pasture
    Chicken Canoe gave your great advice so I will just say [​IMG]
     
  9. glendor787

    glendor787 Out Of The Brooder

    76
    1
    33
    Jul 24, 2013
    Welcome! This page/forum is awesome! Ppl are very nice!!
     
  10. Marks Chicks

    Marks Chicks New Egg

    6
    0
    9
    Aug 13, 2013
    Chicken Canoe, your responses were so helpful, thank you! A couple remaining questions:

    1. Our coop dimensions: 9.5' length x 5.5' width x 8' height (sloped down to 7' in the back). The run is 6.5' x 5.5', and the enclosed coop is 3' x 5.5'. Based on those dimensions, does that give you a better idea for how many chickens you think would fit comfortably without feeling crowded? Again, I'm thinking 4. My husband thinks 6. The lady we're getting the baby chicks from says 8 would be fine. I'm thinking about the number of nest boxes that will fit in the coop, and I can't picture how more than 4 next boxes would fit. We haven't built in the nest boxes yet. About how big should a nest box be anyway? If we stack them (like 3 nest boxes on top of 3), how do the chickens get up the top ones if they are a couple feet up? Flap/fly up there, or do they need a ramp to walk up to them?

    2. For cleanliness, you recommended food grade DE. Should I just sprinkle it directly on the chickens, or in their nest boxes only, or throughout the coop and run? I am familiar with what DE is and its uses, but have never actually used it or even seen it. On another note, do you have any idea if DE is good for a dog with itchy flaky skin? He is flea-free and eats a really good quality salmon dog food. But every summer in the heat (we live in Florida, he is a shepard mix, 9 years old) he gets itchy flaky skin all around his rump. Someone suggested DE but I haven't tried it yet since I don't think fleas are the problem. Is it good for anything else beside pest control?

    3. I have read a wide range of average chicken ages, anywhere from 3 years to 30 years. What is an accurate average age for a hen? The ones I am getting are Aracauna (sp?) / Cochin mix, will be free-range in our large fenced yard, cooped at night, live in Florida, will feed them good feed and keep them and their coop clean.

    Thank you everyone for your helpfulness! 4 days until I bring home the baby chicks! So excited!! :)
     

BackYard Chickens is proudly sponsored by