Juice is filtered. Cider is not. Both are pressed from chopped up apples. You don't want to press apples without chopping/crushing first you won't get as much juice. I have seen people use a garbage disposal (you have to build a stand for it) for chopping the apples, it seems to work really well. You can make a homemade press with a hydrolic car jack and a heavy duty constructed wooden stand. There are youtube videos demonstrating the process on the internet.