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Chicken health info for those that experience Cat Attacks

Discussion in 'Emergencies / Diseases / Injuries and Cures' started by Nambroth, Oct 17, 2013.

  1. Nambroth

    Nambroth Fud Lady

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    I've noticed several topics about cat attacks on chickens over the last few months here on BYC. This thread is not intended to talk about if cats attack, when they attack, how to prevent, etc... That is all discussion that is already happening in other threads. Check out the Predator and Pest forum if you want to discuss these issues. This is just some HEALTH information for those that have experienced an attack by a cat, or even have a nice cat that has gotten mischievous around your chickens or chicks. Or even if you have a kitty that 'grooms' your chickens...

    Note: this thread isn't meant as a 'scare' thread, but simply to share some knowledge that is not always commonly known. As with all knowledge, use it or not, it is your choice!

    It is very important to remember that 90% or more of domestic cats (which as a species includes feral cats too!) carry the Pasteurella bacteria in their mouths. Dogs can carry and transfer this bacteria too, but with much less frequency than cats. Small predators such as raccoons can also carry this bacteria.
    Why is this important?


    The Pasteurella bacteria, once transferred to a small animal (but especially birds) usually multiplies rapidly, can become systemic quite quickly (cause a serious infection), and for some birds is commonly fatal (approximately 50-60% of the time) unless a course of antibiotics is administered quickly (within 24 hours).
    A large fowl, full grown hen or rooster might be able to fight off this infection if they are otherwise healthy, but it can cause serious problems for smaller birds, chicks, and birds with weakened immune systems. Even healthy, adult birds can succumb!!
    In this way, even a small puncture from cat's teeth or a scratch can be quite harmful indeed. For some birds it can be fatal. Even if the scratch or bite is superficial is not in itself a bad injury!


    Cats are especially deadly predators to small animals (especially wild birds), which often perish within two or three days of escaping a cat's attack, even if the cat did not injure it fatally or "only" had it in its mouth and didn't even bite at all.

    Given this knowledge, it is important to monitor any birds that have been attacked (or groomed by/played with) by a cat, or other small predatory animal such as raccoons. If you have an antibiotic on hand, it would be wise to administer it immediately after such an attack. From an article below (emphasis mine):
    Dosage of antibiots depends on the weight of your bird-- follow label instructions or consult with a local vet. If you don't have one, many avian vets are understanding about home-care for chickens and will give the dosage for you, even if you are not a patient of theirs. As always, I am not a veterinarian and you should always consider the advice of a trained avian veterinarian over mine!!

    (The Pasteurella bacteria is why some people have some bad reactions to cat bites/scratches as well. Many of us fight the bacteria off and see no ill effects, but those that do not can have symptoms ranging from mild swelling and pain to a serious infection. Infection is also more common in those with weakened immune systems).

    Some sources, just so you don't think I'm nutters.
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2219107
    http://www.worldwidewounds.com/2003/november/Cousquer/Avian-Wound-Management-Part-2.html
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7376178
    http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?search=Pasteurella+multocida
    http://www.nwhc.usgs.gov/publications/field_manual/chapter_7.pdf

    Please feel free to add any information you might have, or correct me if I'm wrong. Feel especially welcome to share this to anyone you know that has problem cats around their flock...!! This might save the life of some chickens out there.
     
  2. ailurophile23

    ailurophile23 Chillin' With My Peeps

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    Thanks for this really great information. Regardless of how we deal with the cats, we have to tend to our birds and, as you noted, even seemingly minor wounds caused by cats can cause major problems for birds!
     
  3. bizzylizzy1

    bizzylizzy1 New Egg

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    Hi I have antibiotics for my chicken as a result of my cat biting my chickens foot but am not convinced cleaning the wound can't help. I am wondering what the difference is between a bite and a puncture. The information says to clean a bite but leave a puncture. I have also been advised to keep the chicken contained and she needs antibiotics twice daily for 7 days! I am very concerned.
     
  4. coach723

    coach723 Chillin' With My Peeps

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    I don't think it means not to clean a puncture, but whether to dress one or not.
    I'd clean any wound as best you can.
    Generally with animal bites in general, and punctures, it's better for it to heal from the inside out, than to close it off.
    Covering or closing it off can cause it to close at the surface, sealing infection inside.
    And punctures can be difficult to get clean due to the nature of the wound. The tissues tend to close up around the wound and it's really easy to have bacteria and thus infection inside.
    Thus the antibiotics.
    Hope that helps, and your bird gets better.
     
  5. Sutremaine

    Sutremaine Chillin' With My Peeps

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    Your information might refer to the sort of cleaning that would enlarge a puncture wound but have little effect on a wound whose entire surface is visible. Hard to know without seeing the whole thing and knowing what they mean by 'cleaning'.
     
  6. bizzylizzy1

    bizzylizzy1 New Egg

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    Thanks to those concerned. Yes I agree that any wound should be cleaned however my vet did not bother and I am somewhat perplexed by this. The chook has responded well to the antibiotics and is not limping now so I am glad.I acted quickly.
     

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