Oozing nastiness coming from chickens rear side

Discussion in 'Emergencies / Diseases / Injuries and Cures' started by flock lover, Mar 13, 2013.

  1. flock lover

    flock lover New Egg

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    Hello everyone. Sorry for not introducing myself first but I've got a big issue at hand here and am in despair. I recently got some chickens from my uncle although I'm not new to chicken raising. So I brought these chickens and of course have kept them separated from all of the others now for about 3 weeks and about a week ago I started noticing one of these new hens has what at first looks like diahreah caked all over her under backside. But it isn't I don't think. So I got her up real close too close really but anyways her skin is like verrrry red and raw so much that the feathers there actually look like they are dying or something she almost doesn't have any and the stuff coming out is like foamy white/yellowish stuff oozing out of her butt. This stuff stinks very badly it's odor is as if she's literary rotting. So I brought her in yesterday and gave her a quick soak in hot water and then pinned her up by herself, just so I could keep an eye on her. And so I noticed that this stuff is like just constantly running out not in great quantities but never the less still just oozing out. So I brought her back in today and gave her another bath but longer this time but this time I done the dirty deed put on some latex gloves and up the hole I went searching for possibly broken egg/s but didn't find anything. None of this has seemed to do any good and I'm not really sure about any of this. She wasn't like this when i brought her home. I thought that I was a pretty experienced chicken farmer/ lover as my chickens are pets only but I need some help so if anyone out there has any insight to this I would appreciate it very much. I hope it's not some kind of disease
     
  2. Haunted55

    Haunted55 Chillin' With My Peeps

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    I don't know what it is either but to be on the safe side get her on an antibiotic. Duramycin-10, Tylan, something! I am no expert!!! I'm guessing here but what this sounds like is she is having problems with her eggs. Maybe they're not forming shells or the shells are rubbery and breaking. If you can get some pictures. They help so much when someone is trying to help you. I am going to PM someone to see if they can take a look at your thread. Hang in there and try and get some pictures!
     
  3. casportpony

    casportpony Team Tube Feeding Captain & Poop Inspector General Premium Member Project Manager

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    It could be egg related, but it sounds more like a yeast infection (vent gleet). Can you post pictures? I've got one here with it, I think, so I'll take pictures of her and you can compare.
     
    Last edited: Mar 13, 2013
  4. casportpony

    casportpony Team Tube Feeding Captain & Poop Inspector General Premium Member Project Manager

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  5. speckledhen

    speckledhen Intentional Solitude Premium Member

    Could be fungal (vent gleet) as someone said, due to the smell mentioned. Don't have experience with that personally. An outside chance exists that the hen may be in the final stages of cancer or some reproductive ailment and the urates are just runny and caking on the feathers. Hard to say, really. Many of my hens at the end of their lives, dying from internal laying, had runny white/yellow urates, sometimes mixed with yolk material. It would cake in the fluff and be caustic on the skin.
     
    Last edited: Mar 13, 2013
  6. flock lover

    flock lover New Egg

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    You know I was raised with chickens and have never seen anything like this or smelled anything like it either but the links that were posted about vent gleet do look similar and I guess is a strong possibility considering that I found nothing when I went on an egg search, the dirty way. So what does one do to treat this vent gleet? I put some a&d ointment and I was gonna try blue kote but that won't solve an internal problem. Any suggestions? And what kind if antibiotic and how much? Oh and by the way thanks to all of you who posted a response I will try and get some pics on in the morning before I do the bath thing all over again. I guess it is important to say that she still eats and drinks she's right there with the other 2 I brought home when I let her be. I have noticed she is getting slender but she's not a pile of bones yet. I'm not sure of the breed but she is a large hen. I think I was told maybe great giants or something like that, don't know if they are more susceptible to things or what. But I did watch to see what her poo was like and it seemed fairly normal not runny or anything. Thanks again
     
  7. casportpony

    casportpony Team Tube Feeding Captain & Poop Inspector General Premium Member Project Manager

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    Copy and paste from my AAAP Avian Disease Manual

    [FONT=TimesNewRoman,Bold][FONT=TimesNewRoman,Bold]CANDIDIASIS[/FONT][/FONT]
    (Thrush; moniliasis, crop mycosis, sour crop, muguet, soor, levurosis)
    DEFINITION
    Candidiasis is a disease of the digestive tract caused by the yeast-like fungus


    [FONT=TimesNewRoman,Italic][FONT=TimesNewRoman,Italic]Candida albicans[/FONT][/FONT]. The
    disease generally involves the upper digestive tract and usually occurs as a secondary infection.
    EPIDEMIOLOGY

    [FONT=TimesNewRoman,Italic][FONT=TimesNewRoman,Italic]Candida albicans [/FONT][/FONT]


    is a common yeast-like fungus that has been recognized as a commensal organism in
    poultry and mammals for many years. Candidiasis has been reported from a variety of avian species, such as,
    chickens, turkeys, pigeons, game birds, waterfowl, and geese. In poultry it seldom has been considered a
    disease of major importance. Young birds tend to be more susceptible than adult birds although all ages can be
    affected. When birds become debilitated or the normal digestive tract flora is altered, the ingestion of fungus in
    the feed and water can result in mucosal invasion. The production of a soluble endotoxin may also contribute to
    pathogenicity. Common predisposing causes include lack of good sanitation, prolonged treatment with
    antibiotics, heavy parasitism, vitamin deficiency, high carbohydrate diets, and immune suppressing or
    debilitating infectious diseases.
    CLINICAL SIGNS
    Signs are non-specific and include, listlessness, inappetence, retarded growth, and ruffled feathers. In
    advanced cases or diarrhea. The signs may be masked by the clinical signs of a primary disease. In advanced
    cases, the crop may not empty and may become fluid filled. The bird may regurgitate fluid with a sour,
    fermentative odor, i.e. the name “sour crop”.
    LESIONS
    1. Lesions vary greatly in severity. They are more common in the crop, mouth, pharynx and esophagus, but
    may involve the proventriculus and, less often, the intestine.
    2. The affected mucosa is often diffusely or focally thickened [


    Fig. 1; Candidiasis; UC Davis], raised,
    corrugated and white, looking like terry cloth [


    Fig. 2; Candidiasis; UC Davis]. Lesions may also appear as
    proliferative white to gray pseudomembranous or diphtheritic patches and as shallow ulcers. Necrotic
    epithelium may slough into the lumen as masses of soft cheesy material.
    3. Lesions of a primary predisposing disease may also be present and should be investigated. In particular
    one should search for evidence of coccidiosis, parasitism or malnutrition.
    DIAGNOSIS
    1. Characteristic gross lesions are generally adequate for diagnosis. Histopathologic examination of the
    affected mucosa usually will confirm invasion of the tissue by the septate fungal hyphae.
    2.


    [FONT=TimesNewRoman,Italic][FONT=TimesNewRoman,Italic]Candida albicans [/FONT][/FONT]grows readily on Sabouraud's dextrose agar. However, since [FONT=TimesNewRoman,Italic][FONT=TimesNewRoman,Italic]Candida [/FONT][/FONT]is commonly
    present in normal birds, only the demonstration of massive numbers of colonies is of significance.
    CONTROL
    1. Practice a high standard of sanitation in the poultry operation. Phenolic disinfectants or iodine preparations
    should be used to sanitize equipment.
    2. Prevent other diseases or management practices that might debilitate the birds.
    127
    3. Avoid over treatment of birds with antibiotics, drugs, coccidiostats, growth stimulants and other agents that
    might affect the bacterial flora of the digestive tract.
    TREAMENT
    1. Copper sulfate at a 1:2000 dilution in drinking water is commonly used both for prevention and treatment
    but its value is controversial. Nystatin in feed or water has shown efficacy against candidiasis in turkeys.
    2. Routine addition of antifungal drugs to rations probably is a waste of money since elimination of
    contributing factors or other diseases usually will prevent candidiasis. However, if sanitation is at fault and
    cannot be improved, antifungal drugs may be advisable.
    128
     
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  8. casportpony

    casportpony Team Tube Feeding Captain & Poop Inspector General Premium Member Project Manager

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    From
    http://www.avianweb.com/candida.html
    Candida / Candidiasis​








    Candidiasis is a disease caused by a yeast that is common in hand-fed chicks. Candida can proliferate in the digestive tract and other organs, including the beak and respiratory system. Candida can also infect the skin, feathers, eyes, and reproductive tract - but this is more common in nonpsittacine birds (birds not in the parrot family). The severity of the infection depends on the age of the bird and the state of its immune system. Candida albicans most often affects the crop, as well as the upper digestive tract; but also affects the skin, respiratory tract, central nervous system and all other organs.


    Cause:

    Candidiasis is most common in young birds, especially those on antibiotics, due to their immature / suppressed-immune systems. Adult birds with impaired immune systems are equally at risk - especially those on long-term antibiotics or suffering from malnutrition (seed-only diets, Vitamin A deficiency). Antibiotics change the normal digestive tract flora and allow the organism to overgrow. Other factors placing a bird at risk are the presence of other infections, including poxvirus or Trichomonas; other health problems, such as trauma or smoke inhalation, and stress.
    • Vitamin A promotes appetite, digestion, and also increases resistance to infection and to some parasites.
    The most obvious sign of a vitamin A deficiency is a feather stain above the cere. The staining of the feathers above the nostrils reflects a discharge from the nostrils. Subtle differences may be seen as far as the color intensity of the cere and feathers is concerned - and the overall condition of the plumage. A bird deficient in this vitamin may have pale, rough-looking feathers that lack luster. The cere may look rough instead of smooth, and you may see an accumulation of a yellow dry scale on the sides of the beak.
    Vitamin A occurs naturally in dark leafy greens and orange-colored produce, such as apricots, cantaloupes, carrots, red peppers, pumpkins and sweet potatoes. To resolve Vitamin A deficiency, try adding foods like sweet potatoes (either cooked or steamed until soft), mashed up with other fruits will be both loved by your pet bird, as much as it is good for her or him. Many birds also enjoy fresh carrot juice - or try offering shredded carrots. Natural sources are preferable over synthetically produced nutrients, which may not be absorbable and could easily be overdosed).​


    Symptoms:

    In unfeathered babies, a Candida-infected crop will show signs of cheese-like lesions. When Candida invades the crop, a grayish-white layer of pseudo membrane covers the crop lining. The often ulcerated and inflamed wall will be thickened and opaque, making the crop puffy and abnormal looking.
    If the mouth and beak are infected, you may notice bad breath and raised areas with thick clear or white material in the mouth.
    Infections of the beak often occur where the upper and lower beaks meet. Infections of the crop may cause regurgitation, anorexia; delayed crop emptying; swollen or bloated, mucus-filled crop, and possible crop impaction. Another symptom may be clear slimy liquid coming out of mouth.
    If the digestive tract is impacted, the symptoms range from depression, loss of appetite, weight loss, vomiting, and diarrhea. In the respiratory tract, Candida may cause nasal discharge, a change in the voice, difficulty breathing, rapid breathing and inability to exercise.


    Transmission:

    Yeast are found everywhere in the environment, including spoiled food. For this reason, fresh foods (fruits and vegetables) should not be left in the bird's cage for long periods of time. Food can spoil in as little as a few hours during the hot and humid summer season.
    Poor hygiene can also spread yeast infections. Not sterilizing hand feeding equipment, improper cage cleaning and not washing our hands can spread the yeast.
    Most healthy birds will not be affected. Older birds, neonates, sick birds and stressed birds generally develop yeast infections as secondary infections. These secondary infections put increased stress on their already overtaxed immune system and interfere with the healing process. For at-risk birds, your veterinarian may advise mixing chlorhexidine into the drinking water.


    Diagnosis:

    Tentative diagnosis can be made with clinical signs along with the absence of bacterial infection. Samples can also be taken, and cultured in specially prepared culture media. Caution: Candida is a common environmental contaminant. PCR and sequence assays are essential tool to identify the presence of Candida and identify specific strains.


    Treatment: (scroll down to find out how breeders address this problem)

    If candida is suspected, the vet typically takes a sample of the crop contents and sends it to a lab for testing. The culture report will tell what is going on and suggests effective treatments. The vet may also be able to do a gram stain while you are there to identify the bacteria / yeast.
    Treatment requires the elimination of any risk factors, such as stress, poor diet, poor sanitation, or the presence of other diseases. Focus should be on quality nutrition and immune function support. The diet should be devoid any sugar and little to no fruit until the yeast is cleared up. A clean environment will help in the resolution of this disease - the quality of the air and the water (steam-distilled).
    Antifungal medications commonly prescribed include nystatin, flucytosine, ketoconazole (Nizoral), fluconazole, diflucan, and itraconazole. For treatment of oral or skin infections, ointment containing amphotericin B are usually applied.
    Please note that candida may become resistant to Nystatin, especially if administered incorrectly, and/or over a prolonged time.
    Nystati is administered by mouth for 5 days or longer. Nystatin could be mixed into the handfeeding formula; however, is more effective if given full strength about half an hour before feeding. Nursery items need to be cleaned and disinfected after use on each bird. To prevent cross-contamination, it is strongly recommended to not use any utensil on two birds without disinfecting in-between. Any left-over formula should be discarded.
    Avianbiotech recommends the following:
    Nystatin, the most commonly prescribed anti-fungal agent. This yellowish liquid suspension is usually administered by mouth for several 5 days or longer. Nystatin can be mixed directly into the hand-feeding formula but is more effective if given full strength about 1/2 hour before feeding. This will give it time to coat the crop lining and attack the unhealthy Candida organism. Nystatin works by disrupting fungal cell walls. Nystatin is not well absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. This anti-fungal agent should not be used indiscriminately or as a preventative. Candida may become resistant to Nystatin from continued use, from inadequate or improper dosing regimens. Do not assume that a bird treated with nystatin will be free of Candida. Some resistant yeasts require antifungals other than Nystatin.
    Diflucan, one of the newer drugs, has proved to be effective in treating fungal infections. A suspension combining Nystatin and Diflucan has been found to be a safe and effective treatment for Candida. Candida in cockatiels can prove to be extremely difficult to treat. When administered properly Diflucan can clear up Candidiasis within five days.
    Ketoconazole (trade name Nizoral) which is dosed orally is sometimes prescribed when Nystatin resistant strains of Candida develop. It is almost insoluble in water, expensive and can be toxic if used improperly. Using Nizoral on a severely ill and physically stressed bird can prove fatal. Nizoral should be used under veterinary supervision, only in physically "healthy" birds, to treat yeast infection, or as a preventative when using antibiotic therapy.
    Flucytosine - 250mg/kg PO BID x 21 days
    Ketoconazole - 10-30 mg/kg BID x 21 days
    Fluconazole - 5mg/kg SID for 7 days
    Nystatin - 100,000 units 1ml per 400 gram bird PO BID x 7 days


    Natural Treatment / Treating Chicks with Yeast
    (Consult with your vet)​


    Raw Apple Cider Vinegar:
    • Some breeders swear by raw apple cider vinegar and their recommendations are to add a drop or two of raw apple cider vinegar to the handfeeding formula to establish a normal pH balance in the gut. Apple cider vinegar naturally promotes acidity in the digestive system thus encouraging the growth of healthy bacterial flora ... Vinegar: A Natural Approach to Avian Management
    • Organic apple cider has natural enzymes, minerals vitamins and essential acids that help keep yeast under control. It is frequently referred to as natures 'antibiotics' that is more of a probiotic (because its an antiseptic). The dilution that a breeder recommended was approximately 1/4 cup of vinegar to one gallon of distilled or filtered water. (Do not use spring water as it may counteract with some of the enzymes). NOTE: Some birds can be sensitive to vinegar, so make sure you talk to your holistic vet before you start this or any other regimen of natural origin.
    • One vet recommended the following dosage for early treatment or preventative for candida: 1 tsp of Apple Cider Vinegar per 16 oz water
    Grapefruit Seed Extract (GSE)
    • Others (including myself) have been happy with the results gained by adding Grapefruit Seed Extract (GSE) added to hand feeding formula. I am using it as a preventative measure and it literally eliminated this problem. As an additional benefit, GSE also has good anti-parasitic properties.
    Probiotics:
    Gentian Violet Treatment:
    • Gentian Violet is considered a safe and efficient remedy for treating Candida, and was successful when conventional treatment failed. It is available from some drug stores and hand-feeding equipment suppliers. A solution of 1% Gentian Violet is used to swap the mouth, esophagus and crop of bird suffering from the crop disorder. The saturated swab is slowly rotated around the mouth, down the esophagus and into the crop. Make sure to completely wipe the crop interior with the purple Gentian Violet. It helps to place your thumb against the crop and run the swab in circular motions with in the crop while slightly pressing against the thumb. Healthy tissue within the crop will stain purple when swabbed with the Gentian Violet. The unhealthy tissue will show up whitish and mottled. Best results are realized when administered to an empty crop but an empty crop or evacuation of the crop is not absolutely necessary unless crop is more then ½ full. Treatment should be administered every morning or every other morning, depending on severity of infection, over a three-day period. Very rarely is treatment continued for more than three days, except in severe cases. Improvement should be evident by the second treatment. The whitish lesions on the crop wall will begin to disappear. When all lesions are gone, treatment can be discontinued. In cases of crop bloat the crop will deflate noticeably. This proven treatment is very safe, and satisfactory results are often realized almost immediately. If this three-day treatment fails to show improvement a veterinarian visit is highly recommended.
    Thrush (Candida) Infections by Dr. Rob Marshall


    Thrush (candida) infections are diagnosed by the microscopic examination of a stained (gram stain) dropping or mouth swab. A culture test will confirm the severity of the infection and help to identify an underlying cause.
    What is thrush?
    Thrush is a common disease of pet and other birds. It is a condition that distresses the bird, causing it to become depressed and lifeless. A bird with thrush often shows dropping changes because the infection irritates the bowel lining. The dropping of thrush commonly infects the mouth, causing birds to swallow excessively. It may even infect the sinus and cause sneezing. Thrush infections are potentially life threatening when left unattended.
    Thrush is always caused by an underlying stress factor. Stress factors include, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, fluctuating temperatures, environmental change, psychological stress and underlying illness.
    How is thrush treated?
    Thrush infections require a 5-7 day course of Mycostatin treatment. The Mycostatin is best administered directly by mouth. If this is not possible, a drinking water treatment may be effective. Remove all seed, grit, seed bells and fruit, from the cage. Disinfect the cage with a Water Cleanser and start your bird on sterile seed.
    Are there any other special instructions?
    To accelerate the healing process I recommend that all birds with thrush infections be given Turbobooster, Energy supplement and Fvite on the sterile seed daily for three weeks and then three times a week after this time. Following the antibiotic treatment, Dufoplus and Ioford are given twice weekly in the drinking water. Ensure your bird is actually eating and drinking. If not, it will need special force feeding in hospital (Avianweb Note: or by someone experienced / trained in proper force feeding procedures).
    Are there any long term problems?
    Thrush infections may leave your bird susceptible to illness in the future. A Water Cleanser is added to the drinking water for two consecutive days. It is then given two days each week, followed by Dufoplus and Ioford to help control recurrence. To further protect your bird from repeat infections follow the health programme in the accompanying brochure.
    Is this disease contagious to humans or other birds?
    Although thrush infections are not highly contagious, they may be transmitted from bird to human by close contact, especially kissing. It may also be transmitted from bird to bird via the dropping.
    Can thrush infections be prevented from recurring?
    Thrush infections are always related to stress factors. Special care must be taken to minimise potential stress on the bird. This may be in the form of environmental changes or nutritional adjustments. By following the ongoing health programme your bird is provided with all minerals and nutrients it needs for ongoing health and vitality.

    Breeders' Recommendations:


    Make sure to read both Patricia's and Heike's views on Nystatin. Use your own judgment as to how to fight yeast. Helena's and Martie's Natural Treatment of Yeast, are also worthwhile reading.

    Using Nystatin to Fight Yeast by Heike Ewing​
    Nystatin is one of the safest "drugs" on the market. When administered orally, Nystatin stays in the digestive tract; it does not cross the membrane barrier into the circulatory system and, unlike systemic antifungals such as itranconazole or fluconazole, has no effect on any internal organs or systems. Furthermore, Nystatin is a "contact" drug that interacts with live yeast organisms it comes into direct contact with and kills them. It does nothing to other tissues or cells. I have in the past accidentally given large overdoses of Nystatin to very young chicks with no ill effects whatsoever.

    - Consequently, Nystatin is a safe and very effective antifungal for yeast infections of the crop or digestive tract that can safely be given to chicks of any age and to parents that are laying, incubating, or feeding chicks. Correct dosage depends on the strength of the solution, but the dosage I have for the "standard" suspension that most pharmacies and vets have on hand and dispense is 0.3cc per 100gm body weight every 12 hours for 7 - 10 days. For best results, give the dosage when the crop is empty, perform crop massage after the medicine is given, and do not feed the chick for 10 - 15 minutes after giving it.

    - I have heard others express concerns about Nystatin in the past and specifically questioned my avian vet about it; she explained that she thinks people get confused between Nystatin and other antifungals, as most of the "azole" antifungals are powerful systemic drugs that can have serious side effects and can cause birth defects and other problems if given to birds that are laying eggs. Nystatin is a totally different type of drug and has none of those problems - in fact, although gentian violet can be more effective on severe candida infections of the crop, it is more dangerous than Nystatin and more likely to kill chicks if administered improperly even though it is a non-prescription product.

    - In the 9 years I have been breeding cockatiels, Nystatin has been my FIRST line of defense against yeast infections of the crop and I have never had any trouble with it or lost a chick due to its use. Its only drawbacks are that it is completely ineffective against systemic fungal infections, and that it takes a long time to eliminate severe infections because it kills only the top layer of yeast cells - the ones it comes into direct contact with - each time it is given.
    NOTE: Martie Lauster noted: "Nystatin failures are due both to resistant strains and to the fact that it is a topical medication that must come directly in contact with the organisms it is attacking. If the yeast has gone systemic, and is no longer contained only in the digestive tract, Nystatin will have no effect. Caprylic Acid acts systemically so it can get to yeast that has grown into internal organs."
    Patricia Carter's Input on Nystatin to fight Yeast

    I wouldn't recommend using Nystatin without knowing if there was actually a yeast problem present. Even if I knew yeast was present I would try probiotics first since it hasn't any side effects like the chemicals in Nystatin. Gentian violet works well for yeast too. I would use Nystatin as a last line of defense.

    Controlling Yeast Naturally by Helena / Totally Tweety
    Helena uses non-paterurized, non-filtered, organic and raw apple cider vinegar. 1 tsp. per pint of water. She uses the brand called "Tree of Life". Apple Cider Vinegar controls most gram-negative and yeast problems without meds. She uses it for crop problems, 2 tbsp. to 1 gallon of water. Dr. Harrison says to use for 1 week every 3 months for preventive care. It is a immune stimulator. It also has a number of beneficial vitamins and minerals.

    Use of Apple Cider Vinegar effective against Yeast and Bacteria
    by Safiyah

    A way to combat yeast is to give your parrots apple cider vinegar in their water. I make up a gallon at a time, and keep it in the fridge. Just 2 tablespoons of APPLE CIDER VINEGAR (not white, or any other kind) in the gallon. I have tried Kokomo to see which she prefers, the vinegar- water or plain water. She goes for the vinegar water every time. She loves it, I am not sure why ... Something in the vinegar combats yeast and other bad bacteria

    Another Natural Treatment for Yeast in Baby Birds by:
    Martie Lauster


    Successfully used Caprylic Acid to save a chick that showed signs of yeast: had been regurgitating its food, had redness around its throat, crop and mouth, and by the tame Martie found the baby was laying on its side -- looking as if it was "on its way out". Anyhow, Martie bought a produced called "Caprylic Acid Combination". Martie cobbed together a dosage (kind of 1/8 teaspoon to one dessert spoon of dry formula) and force fed this to the baby. Two hours later, Martie had to force feed once again as the baby was still not showing any interest in eating. After four hours, the baby was much more responsive and by eight hours it was standing up and yelling to be fed! It was like a miracle. Martie kept the same dosage going for the next three days and the little owl fully recovered and is bouncing around and healthy.
    NOTE: Some birds experience stomach upset with caprylic acid. So be aware of that if and when administering it.
    Additionally, people advised Martie to give aloe to soothe the effects of the toxins produced by the yeast. Martie found with this baby and with others that the aloe moves a slow crop and seemed to soothe the inflammation from the yeast infection. Martie will most assuredly be using Caprylic Acid and Aloe in the future to try to get a handle on the best applications.
    Some bird owners highly recommended the below Aloe product: Marty uses a product called Herbal Aloe Force, but others have used Aloe Detox with similar results. The manufacturer reports that Aloe Detox needs to be refrigerated (obviously). After opening, it will keep for 7 to 9 months. One recommended brand is "Lily of the Desert Aloe Detoxifying Formula" - available over the following websites: http://www.vitacost.com; http://www.amazon.com; http://www.internatural.com/ingr/ingr199340.cfm. It is also available at better health food stores.

    Prevention:

    The risk of candidiasis can be greatly reduced by providing a sanitary environment and proper nutrition, reducing or eliminating any causes of stress, and preventing contact with any potentially sick bird. Basic sanitary procedures, include the removal of old food from the flights or cages, clean water, and the provision of immune-enhancing nutrition. Maintaining a general level of hygiene when handling and hand-rearing neonates will help prevent young birds from contracting the disease. Unnecessary and excessive antibiotic therapy will increase the risk of fungal infections.
    Sources / Resources: Identifying and Dealing with Candida - a Common Crop Disorder By Wanda Barras ... PetEducation.com ... Improved Aviculture Management May Prevent Candidiasis in Birds - Gary D. Butcher and Richard D. Miles; U of Florida ... Petcaretips.com ... Natural Antibiotics / Herbal Anti-inflammatories - Strengthening Your Immunesystem Naturally (human applications - discuss with your holistic vet)
     
    Last edited: Mar 13, 2013
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  9. casportpony

    casportpony Team Tube Feeding Captain & Poop Inspector General Premium Member Project Manager

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    I have one that I'm going to try Nystatin on. You can buy Nystatin online as Medistatin.

    [​IMG]
     
  10. casportpony

    casportpony Team Tube Feeding Captain & Poop Inspector General Premium Member Project Manager

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    I also might try some Monistat cream and/or suppository.
     

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