Sorry for the long post... here’s the cut to the chase... lost too many birds in a couple days to predators and I’m LOST, please offer advice for me going from free-ranging to fully-enclosed chicken keeping. (Any advice appreciated, I’m relearning from the ground up. Specific questions at the bottom of my rambling post) ——— I’m pretty devastated, and trying to pour into research, as last Thursday I lost my two sweetest birds and today lost my other most docile to an as-of-yet unidentified predator. She was gone when I got home and I found a large pile of feathers. We thought hawks but are not sure. What we know is they’re not going away right now and I can’t leave my birds to fend for themselves. I have to enclose them for now. I tend to ramble, I’ll try and keep it brief. My entire chicken keeping history for the last few years has been entirely based upon free ranging my birds from sun up to sun down. All the education I’ve absorbed has been based on this and I feel like I’m starting over tomorrow building an enclosure to keep my birds in permanently. I don’t have a ton of current options. I’m loopholed into having chickens in the first place and I can’t get approval in my neighborhood to build an actual run so I need to come up with temporary solutions until I can build a large chicken paradise at our new property that may take a year or a little more to get to. (Be brief...be brief!) I have 3 surviving laying hens, 1 maybe-permanently-disabled survivor, and NINE five week old chicks I was about to integrate. That’s 12 birds I need space for, I’ll continue to plan on a separate enclosure for the currently-hopefully-not-permanently disabled gal. I’ve got a mini-barn where the chickens currently are that has a wash stall we hardly use down here. That’s 12x12x10 feet tall. It’s made of cement block. Tomorrow we will build a frame for the top and front with hardware cloth. It has a roof and large overhang over the entire structure but they’ll get afternoon sun dappled through many trees. I will read and search and research all that I need to completely relearn but I have a few pressing questions I’d like help for right now. Do chickens NEED an enclosed coop if the entire enclosure is predator proof? Like can they just roost inside this entire space wherever they choose on the multiple options or do they need an enclosed space at night to be fully comfortable? This is 144 square feet, 12 feet of floor space per bird and many options for what we can create inside for additional levels and space. I’ve never paid attention to exact run/enclosure needs before so how realistic is this to keep this number of birds enclosed permanently? Can I create levels that add to square footage or do those not count? They will get out an average of an hour or so a day, maybe 2, as long as they’re not getting picked off in front of our eyes. Plus there will be days they don’t get out because we can’t be there, so I want to plan for that. Here are the breeds I’m concerned about making the transition to this mostly enclosed existence. Any advice? I’ll want to rehome them before any big problems for them or others, and want to be looking out for the signs. Is an hour or so of outdoor time enough with only 12 square feet of floor space? golden campine White Legbar Legbar/Andalusian hybrid Partridge Penedesenca Thank you to anyone who made it this far in my post, any advice appreciated, oh so much.