State by State Predator laws


11 Years
Sep 3, 2008
Kingston, OK
Over time I'm going to try and get all 50 states predator/dog laws here.


Keeping of dog known to kill, etc., stock prohibited; liability of owner for injuries, etc., caused by same; liability for killing of same.

No person shall keep any dog which has been known to kill or worry sheep or other stock without being set upon the same. Any person knowingly keeping such dog is liable for double the value of all stock killed or injured by such dog, such damages to be recovered by the owner of such stock before any court of competent jurisdiction and no action shall be maintained against anyone for killing such dog.
(Code 1867, §1296; Code 1876, §1601; Code 1886, §1379; Code 1896, §421; Code 1907, §2832; Code 1923, §6072; Code 1940, T. 3, §1.)

Washington State;

Dogs injuring stock may be killed.

It shall be lawful for any person who shall see any dog or dogs chasing, biting, injuring or killing any sheep, swine or other domestic animal, including poultry, belonging to such person, on any real property owned or leased by, or under the control of, such person, or on any public highway, to kill such dog or dogs, and it shall be the duty of the owner or keeper of any dog or dogs so found chasing, biting or injuring any domestic animal, including poultry, upon being notified of that fact by the owner of such domestic animals or poultry, to thereafter keep such dog or dogs in leash or confined upon the premises of the owner or keeper thereof, and in case any such owner or keeper of a dog or dogs shall fail or neglect to comply with the provisions of this section, it shall be lawful for the owner of such domestic animals or poultry to kill such dog or dogs found running at large.

[1929 c 198 § 6; RRS § 3107. Prior: 1919 c 6 § 6; 1917 c 161 § 6; RCS § 3107.]
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Fabulous knowledge!

My neighbors Pit Bull is uncontrollable. He has eaten an entire flock of my hens (12+) in the last year.

He can break into anything that I have created so far to keep my hens safe. And if he gets loose during the day while they are free ranging then I just try to save as many as I can while screaming for him to get his &*^&%!! dog out of my yard.

I keep threatening to shoot the dog but the truth is...its the owners fault and I have found no recourse here in VA.

Enough whining...just wanted to thank you for starting this project!

Knowledge is power!
Have you reported him to the police/sheriff? Called the pound? It's one thing for a dog to get out accidentally once, but for a repeat offender where the owner is apparently not making an effort to keep him contained, it is a huge problem.

Present your neighbor with a bill for the loss of your birds, as well as any related veterinary bills. Take him to small claims court if necessary.
Thanks Sonoran!

Dog has been taken to pound...TWICE.

My general experience with Animal Control has not been a very positive one. Our horse was shot last April....yes. Shot. Just a few yards from where our daughter was playing outside and I got a one time visit from animal follow-up...nothing. Not that I expected them to launch a full ifledged investigation and set out the dogs...but a follow-up would have been nice....

Hubby is thinking that next time the dog may go for a long long ride....
I am pretty sure our state or county has a three strike and they're gone for dogs that bite, including biting other animals. Check to see if your state or county has any similar laws. You might also see what kind of fines there are for harming livestock.

3.1-796.116. (Repealed effective October 1, 2008) Dogs killing, injuring or chasing livestock or poultry.

It shall be the duty of any animal control officer or other officer who may find a dog in the act of killing or injuring livestock or poultry to kill such dog forthwith whether such dog bears a tag or not. Any person finding a dog committing any of the depredations mentioned in this section shall have the right to kill such dog on sight as shall any owner of livestock or his agent finding a dog chasing livestock on land utilized by the livestock when the circumstances show that such chasing is harmful to the livestock. Any court shall have the power to order the animal control officer or other officer to kill any dog known to be a confirmed livestock or poultry killer, and any dog killing poultry for the third time shall be considered a confirmed poultry killer. The court, through its contempt powers, may compel the owner, custodian, or harborer of the dog to produce the dog.

Any animal control officer who has reason to believe that any dog is killing livestock or poultry shall be empowered to seize such dog solely for the purpose of examining such dog in order to determine whether it committed any of the depredations mentioned herein. Any animal control officer or other person who has reason to believe that any dog is killing livestock, or committing any of the depredations mentioned in this section, shall apply to a magistrate serving the county, city or town wherein such dog may be, who shall issue a warrant requiring the owner or custodian, if known, to appear before a general district court at a time and place named therein, at which time evidence shall be heard. If it shall appear that the dog is a livestock killer, or has committed any of the depredations mentioned in this section, the district court shall order that the dog be (i) killed immediately by the animal control officer or other officer designated by the court or (ii) removed to another state which does not border on the Commonwealth and prohibited from returning to the Commonwealth. Any dog ordered removed from the Commonwealth which is later found in the Commonwealth shall be ordered by a court to be killed immediately.

(1984, c. 492, § 29-213.85; 1985, c. 385; 1987, c. 488; 1990, c. 222; 1993, c. 977; 1998, c. 817; 2008, cc. 551, 691.)
609.125 Definition of “livestock.” As used in ORS 609.135 to 609.190, “livestock” means ratites, psittacines, horses, mules, jackasses, cattle, llamas, alpacas, sheep, goats, swine, domesticated fowl and any fur-bearing animal bred and maintained commercially or otherwise, within pens, cages and hutches. [1999 c.756 §11]

609.140 Right of action by owner of damaged livestock. (1) The owner of any livestock which has been damaged by being injured, chased, wounded or killed by any dog shall have a cause of action against the owner of such dog for the damages resulting therefrom, including double the value of any livestock killed and double the amount of any damage to the livestock.

(2) If one or more of several dogs owned by different persons participate in damaging any livestock, the owners of the respective dogs shall be jointly and severally liable under this section. The owners of dogs jointly or severally liable under this section have a right of contribution among themselves. The right exists only in favor of an owner who has paid more than the pro rata share of the owner, determined by dividing the total damage by the number of dogs involved, of the common liability, and the total recovery of the owner is limited to the amount paid by the owner in excess of the pro rata share of the owner.

(3) An action brought under this section may be tried as an action at law in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(4) As used in this section:

(a) “Owner” means the head of the family of the home where the dog is cared for at the time of the damage.

(b) “Head of the family” means any person who has charge or manages the affairs of a collective body of persons residing together, the relations between whom are of a permanent and domestic character. [Amended by 1973 c.655 §7; 1975 c.749 §1]

609.150 Right to kill dog that harms or chases livestock. (1) Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, any dog, whether licensed or not, which, while off the premises owned or under control of its owner, kills, wounds, or injures any livestock not belonging to the master of such dog, is a public nuisance and may be killed immediately by any person. However, nothing in this section applies to any dog acting under the direction of its master, or the agents or employees of such master.

(2) If any dog, not under the control of its owner or keeper, is found chasing or feeding upon the warm carcass of livestock not the property of such owner or keeper it shall be deemed, prima facie, as engaged in killing, wounding or injuring livestock.

(3) No person shall kill any dog for killing, wounding, injuring or chasing chickens upon a public place, highway or within the corporate limits of any city. [Amended by 1975 c.749 §6]

Pay attention to the last line.​
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