Average User Rating:
  • Breed Purpose:
    Dual Purpose
    Climate Tolerance:
    All Climates
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size:
    Egg Color:
    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly, Easily handled, Calm, Bears confinement well, Quiet, Docile
    Breed Colors/Varieties:
    Correct Dominique barring is not quite black on not quite white, and the bars are staggered, rather than the parallel and sharply contrasting black and white barring of the Barred Rock.
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl

    The Dominique also known as Dominicker or Pilgrim Fowl, originated in the USA during the colonial period. It is considered America's oldest breed of chicken, likely descending from chickens brought to New England from southern England during colonial times. By the 19th century, they were very popular and were raised in many parts of the country. Dominiques are a dual purpose breed, being valued for their table bird qualities as well as for their brown eggs. In earlier times, their feathers were much sought after as stuffing for pillows and mattresses.

    After the Plymouth Rock breed was developed from the Dominiques in the 1870s, the Dominiques' popularity declined, and by the 1950 they were so rare, they were considered nearly extinct. During the 1970s, Dominiques were listed in "Critical" status with fewer than 500 breeding birds in North America. However, due to a revival of interest in them and other rare breeds, the Dominiques have made a comeback and are now listed on the "Watch" list, indicating lesser danger of extinction.

    Dominique eggs

    Dominique chics

    Dominique juvenile

    Dominique hen

    Dominique rooster

    To learn more about this breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here:
  • 70b226a4_munin713.jpeg 0f7fabd2_dominique-341-846366.jpeg 1d8cf12e_dominique-341-193017.jpeg 7deea8d5_5914186988_b6971bddc6_z.jpeg 6eab8fdb_6067745758_9a0f9113f4_z.jpeg a57b8040_6204604029_375c251212_z.jpeg fe3cb566_6864170877_2fc7e5f716_z.jpeg 26386332_DominiqueSide.jpeg 5b65ee37_dominique-341-510685.jpeg 08aef72b_100_2491.jpeg b3e83d29_IMG_20120716_190253.jpeg 33f045fd_IMG_20120627_142726.jpeg 8027e29d_tinylight3.jpeg 7a834083_noname.jpeg 608532ac_freyas3.jpeg 5438583a_magrat.jpeg a5e0cf16_dom4.jpeg 60291a7c_vnspullet.jpeg 15df0266_6.27.13.DominiquesAtPlay004.jpeg ecc223d3_6.27.13.DominiquesAtPlay008.jpeg 10bbd1d2_IMG_0996.jpeg 37ad3398_IMG_0998.jpeg 700.jpg

  • Chicken Breed Info:
    Breed Purpose:
    Dual Purpose
    Comb: Rose
    Broodiness: Average
    Climate Tolerance: All Climates

    General Egg Info:
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size: Medium
    Egg Color: Brown

    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly,Easily handled,Calm,Bears confinement well,Quiet,Docile

    Breed Colors / Varieties:
    Correct Dominique barring is not quite black on not quite white, and the bars are staggered, rather than the parallel and sharply contrasting black and white barring of the Barred Rock.
    Breed Details:
    The Standard of Perfection lists the standard weight of a Dominique cock is 7 lbs, while the standard weight of a hen is 5-5.5 lbs.
    Both sexes should have a medium sized head, neck carried well up, with a short, stout beak. A rose comb should be compact, firm and straight on the head, free from hollows, and ending in an upward curving spike. The neck should be of medium length, gracefully arched, and the back should be of medium length and breadth, rising with a concave sweep to the tail. The tail of the cock should be carried at 40 degrees from the horizontal. Full, round and prominent breast, moderately long thighs, with shanks fine in bone and medium length toes. Shanks and toes should be yellow in color and free from feathers and stubs.
    The Large Fowl Dominique falls under the American class, while the Bantam variety is in the Comb Clean Leg (RCCL) class.
    Dominique chicks are sex linked, which makes it much easier for breeders to sex their chicks as soon as they hatch. A cockerel chick has a light and scattered spot of yellow on the top of the head, while the head spot of a pullet chicks is more compact and solid. Also, the shanks & feet of a pullet chick is darker and much more shadowed than that of a cockerel chick.
    Currently, the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy lists the Dominique as being on "Watch" status. They have enjoyed a resurgence of popularity and their numbers are slowly climbing. Dominiques have the honor of being one of the breeds listed on the Slow Food USA Ark of Taste.







Recent User Reviews

  1. Gillybean05
    Pros - Tame, loving, kind, sweet, and pretty feather patterns
    Cons - None that I can think of off the top of my head
    Dominiques. They're gorgeous. Their feather pattern is white and black, making a beautiful chicken. Don't forget the chicks, though! They have little white caps on their heads until they grow in their adult feathers, and it is adorable! Everyone should get a Dominique, for eggs and beauty.
    Sylvester017 and BlackHackle like this.
  2. Sdominique
    "True Heritage Breed"
    Pros - Quiet, calm, takes the cold and heat very well. Good foragers. Roosters are very attentive to their hens.
    Cons - Doesn't lay as many eggs as I'd like.
    These chickens take me back in time to my childhood on my grandparents farm. Grandma always had Dominiques in her flock. They're beautiful birds with a wonderful disposition. Love em.
    BlackHackle likes this.
  3. Chickassan
    "I think mine's broken.:)"
    Pros - Great forager, people freindly, dependable layer.
    Cons - Can be bossy with other chickens.
    I'm the lucky owner of one dominique hen and I absolutely adore her. Personal experience as soon as I intergrated her she flogged the rooster and beat up the lead hen " dominique was still a pullet". She quickly took over lead postion amonst the hens. I had no issues at all with her as she behaved like she had known me forever the first day I got her. I've had her a year come August and she's laid a medium sized brown egg nearly every day with no issues. My little hen actively hunts squirrels and other things she probably shouldn't but that's just her. She's vocal and absolutely beautiful, even with all the quirks I'd highly recommend this breed. 20180215_162609.jpg 20180215_161456.jpg 20171003_142210.jpg 20170828_173812.jpg 20171026_141845.jpg
    Purchase Price:
    She was free
    Purchase Date:
    Aug 18, 2007

User Comments

To post comments, simply sign up and become a member!
  1. Sylvester017
    Hi Yakima Kid - Reading over your review again I noted your comment about the peck order fighting. Not so overly unusual as we found our two Silkies (who normally don't fly) jump 4 feet in the air holding onto each other's crest feathers in a cranky battle. The peck order fighting in Dominiques is no different than other breeds. But I totally can identify about the Dom characteristics that you normally don't find in other breeds and we've had a few breeds to compare. The Doms are definitely little clowns and more active than even EEs or Ameraucanas. Our Ameraucana is high-strung and jittery but still friendly and let's us pet her and talks with us. But the Dom is not nervous - just busy, curious, and constantly active and seeks out to be underfoot or sitting somewhere on your person and loves conversation - not squawking but actual conversational interraction with a human. I understand the first year Dom pullet eggs are MED but by the next year are laying LG. Our Ameraucana started out laying LG eggs and now is laying XL. So first year pullets seem to lay smaller at the beginning. Heritage Doms are lightweight birds so I wouldn't expect them to lay oversized eggs like a poor hybrid has been bred to lay. The Doms are so unique that until we had one I couldn't begin to identify with other reviews about them. This breed qualifies under so many categories - friendly pet, curious outgoing and unafraid, good layer, can brood its own, active forager, easy on the feed, alert and predator savvy, dual-purpose, gentle nature, soft to the touch feathering that are used for fly-fishing, etc.etc. People say Silkies or bantams are good children's pets but bantams do not actively seek out human contact the way Dominiques do. A child would be in fantasy heaven having a couple Doms willingly climbing all over him/her!
  2. The Yakima Kid
    Yes! We joke about our Dominiques having a "hive mind."
  3. The Yakima Kid
    I love going to the local feed store when they have Dominique chicks. You can tell the Dominiques because while the others are lazing around, the Dominiques are setting land speed records running across the brooder to look at the people looking at them.
  4. Bweis13
    Great ideas! She just loves you, I guess!
  5. Undimere

    Compost pile CHECK
    Free Range CHECK
    Table Scraps CHECK
    Dust Bath Area CHECK
    Climbing Places CHECK (I put the old Christmas tree in the run. They climb it as well as roost between the dead branches during the afternoon.)
    Old Stump CHECK
    Live Crickets CHECK
    Paper to shred CHECK
    Melons & Squash CHECK
    Cooked Spaghetti CHECK
    The hen is STILL a pecking at the back door!
  6. wermnmnmnm
    I heard a ball cat toy to bat around is fun. Hang it up and maybe one of the others will play with her...
  7. Bweis13
    What kind of toys do you make for chickens? I'd love to know. That's hilarious!
  8. Savcluckers
    You should make her some toys, maybe that will distract her!!
  9. The Yakima Kid
    I'm with CESpeed; biddies don't understand that you're saving their lives when you give them unpleasant medical treatment - they think that you're torturing them for reasons unknown, possibly trying to kill them.

    Give her time. I recommend hand feeding the occasional blueberry; I have never met a chicken that didn't love blueberries.
  10. The Yakima Kid
    Dominiques were apparently a land race that resulted from everything dumped in a colonial chicken yard. It would be very hard to figure it out - but we do know that both the Dutch and the English immigrants came from countries that had fowl with pretty rose combs with a plume on the end. Until the mid-19th Century, they were found with both blade and rose combs, and ranged larger in size.

    A poultry show redefined them as a medium sized rose combed birds, moving the blade comb and larger birds out of the breed. Shortly after that, a number of breeders discovered that they had mistakenly believed that their flocks of large, blade combed birds were really Barred Rocks, and folded them into the Plymouth Rock breed.

    Some believe that Upham, one of the founders of the Plymouth Rock, put undue pressure on the show committee to redefine Dominiques in order to improve his market position and reputation as a breeder.
      VHoff likes this.

BackYard Chickens is proudly sponsored by: