I am new here and have done a lot of snooping and finally joined up so I can begin to post. I am planning on making a nipple waterer for my chickens and ducks. I live in upstate ny and want this to work year round. Ive done some research and I think i have a plan. Right now I am going to start with a 32 gallon rubber maid trash can. I am going to put a milk crate in the bottom. Then I'm going to put 3 inches of rigid foam insulation in. It will be a disk shape that will seal tightly to the sides of the trash can. This will be like a false floor. Then I will put a small piece of plywood with a cinder block on top of it. Inside each opening on the cinder block I will have a 75 light bulb. I will then set a 5 gallon bucket on top of the cinder block light heater. The bucket will have a bulk head in the bottom of it. 1 inch pvc will come straight out of the bulk head and out of the trash can. It will have 5 poultry nipples in it. I will surround the 5 gallon pail with fiberglass insulation i have laying around. I will run a 1 inch pipe out of the bucket stright up out of the trash can for refilling. Then I will seal the top of the trash can with 6 inches of rigid foam insulation. I will wrap the pipe with the nipples with plenty of heat tape and then insulate the crap out of the pipe and heat tape and then enclose it in a larger pipe with just the nipples peaking out. Benefits to this idea are: You can leave the trash can on the ground. No hanging, building stands, or anything to get the right height for the nipples. Insulation will be huge and makes the 75 watt bulbs go a long ways Heat tape has a thermostat built in on at 35 off at 40 A thermocube in the cover of the 5 gallon bucket will run the light bulbs. Again on at 35 off at 40. The waterer will work year round with out any service or need to monitor. Even on surprisingly cold fall and spring nights. fully automated. It is clean looking and nothing the chickens can peck at. You will most likely have a majority of the stuff laying around. If not it will still cost less than a heater pad and galvinized heater. I have ordered the parts and just have to wait for them now. I have some ideas on how to show what the water level is by just looking at it which will help with refills. Follow along to see the progress with plenty of pics.