Hey all, After perusing this site I have come to the conclusion that not many people know about Botulism. Recently I had a chicken die from Botulism and another is fighting for her life in hospital. Botulism is caused by a bacteria that when ingested releases a toxin that attacks the nerves. Anyone and any animal can get Botulism, but we all contract it from different things. Chickens contract Botulism from the following: - Decaying Carcasses - Warmer months - Stagnant pools contaminated by rotting material i.e dead fish - Decaying plant and animal matter and - Maggots and litter beetles Botulism is not contagious, chickens only contract it from eating one of the above. If multiple chickens eat from the same source then they will contract Botulism. Depending on the quantity ingested depends on whether the chicken dies or lives. My Plymouth Rock was found dead in the coop, rigour-mortis has already set in so she had been dead for a while. When I put them to bed she appeared to be the happy healthy chicken she was. Botulism is a rapid in taking its toll. The second chicken, a leghorn, was found in the coop, still on the perch but very week. She was struggling to hold up her head and drool was dribbling from her mouth. The first signs of Botulism can be seen 12 - 48 hours after ingestion. It will cause relaxed paralysis of: - Neck - Wings _-Legs - Eyelids and - Feather Follicles Symptoms will be: - Dropping head - Dropping wings - Closed eyelids - Drowsiness - Loss of appetite - Easily plucked feathers - Mucoid saliva from the beach (i.e drool) - Greenish Diarrhoea and - Reluctance to move Chickens will either die from Botulism or make a slow recovery. The leghorn was rushed to the closet Avian vet where she is undergoing extensive treatment. The second day into her treatment she can stand for short periods of time, eyelids still closed and unable to hold her head up for a long time. She is being fed through a crop needle, the food is bird mash and medications which have been liquified to make digestion easy. The bird will need to be stimulated in order to pass faces. Expect no egg laying during this period. Hopefully this will help anyone who has been unaware of Botulism. I will keep you update on the Leghorn, fingers crossed she makes a full recovery.