The Ancona ( Version 1 ) Anconas originated along the coast of Italy, in the town of the same name, making them members of the Mediterranean class. They were imported from Italy to Britain in the mid-nineteenth century, and from Britain to the United States soon thereafter. Anconas are closely related to the Leghorns. In fact, when they first arrived in North America some people referred to the Anconas as " Mottled Leghorns " or " Black Leghorns " ( Though the black variety of Leghorn was already known ). Today, some people still mistakenly call the Anconas " Mottled Leghorns ." Like the Leghorns, they are known as excellent layers of large white eggs. The hens aren't broody by nature and generally won't sit on a clutch of eggs. The breed is truly beautiful thanks to striking black plumage that is speckled white at the tips on about a third of the feathers. Chicks are cute, showing a combination of black and white patches. The breed is considered to be very hardy. The birds have an active ( Some would say flighty, though easy to tame ) disposition, and they are excellent foragers. Some breeders contend that their quick and and alert temperament combined with their dark color makes them a good choice in areas where birds of prey pose a serious predation threat. The APA first admitted the single-combed variety in 1898 and the rose-comb variety in 1914. ( Version 2 ) Anconas are a ideal beginner's bird but have a tendency towards flightiness. It was once thought they were derived from the Mottled Leghorn and were a member of the Leghorn family rather than a separate breed, but this is now known to be untrue. Unlike many modern-day breeds, the Ancona is still much as it was nearly 100 years ago, as evidenced by the following observations in Fortunes from Eggs, a book compiled in 1919 by Karswood, producers of a very popular poultry spice of the time: ' It is probably the only breed which has the same type for utility and exhibition, wherefore many of the best layers are bred from exhibition winners. The Crystal Palace Laying Competition was won by Anconas [ and ] at the Missouri Laying Contest in 1914/15, it was found that, on the average of all pens entered, the Anconas laid 300 eggs for every 100lbs of food [ compared to ], Leghorns 268, Wyandottes 251, Orpingtons 280, Campines 225, Minorcas 203, Rhode Islands 201, Rocks 188, and Langshans 179. This proves that the Ancona is the most profitable over and above cost of food. Also the Ancona eggs were the heaviest of all breeds. Anconas do well intensively; while on free range they pick up half their own food. They are non-sitters, and grow more quickly than any other breed, while the chicks are easy to rear, and offspring comes true to type and color. Anconas lay well for three seasons, and can be bred from profitably for four. Use rather light-colored females [ for breeding ], not too high in tail with legs well apart, deep " bellies " and a fine, falling comb. Mate to a male with a full flow of feather, a high tail, and a light plumage. Avoid males with thick, fleshy combs and coarse lobes. ' Most commonly black or, more accurately, beetle-green in color, each feather of an Ancona has a white, V-shaped edge to its tip. Chocolate- and Blue-colored birds also occur and similarly have white tips to every feather. Interestingly, the white tips tend to become bigger after each molt. The comb is usually single, but rose-comb varieties are sometimes seen. Anconas are prolific layers of white eggs. Facts Class- Standard Mediterranean Bantam: Single comb, clean legged; Rose comb, Clean legged. Size-Standard Cock: 6 lb. | Hen: 4.5 lb. Bantam Cock: 26 oz. | Hen: 22 oz. Comb,:There are two varieties based on comb. Single Comb: Bright red, Medium-size red comb has five distinct points. Male: All five points stand upright. Female: First point stands upright; other four droop to one side. Rose Comb: Bright red, Medium-size red rose sits square in front, terminating in a well-developed spike. Wattles & Earlobes: Wattles are bright red; earlobes are white. Male: Long, well-rounded wattles and small almond-shaped earlobes, close to head. Female: Medium, well-rounded wattles and oval earlobes close to head. Color: Yellow beak, though some black or horn shading at center of upper mandible. Reddish brown eyes. Shanks and toes are yellow, though yellow mottled with black is acceptable. Plumage is shiny greenish black with white speckling on tips of feathers ( Known as mottling ), distributed evenly and frequently across body ( Approximately every second to sixth feather ). Place of Origin: Italy Conservation Status: Threatened Special Qualities: Lays longer into the winter without supplemental light than most breeds. That was today's breed! If this was a helpful thread please thumbs up! I DO NOT own any of these pics. All credit goes to the owners!