My step-dad came from a family of 20. Raised 18 to adult hood. My father a family of 16. I think thats all they had to do in the winter on the farms. More farm hands /slaves to grow the veggies. My mom was in the field at age 3. she could ride bareback to town and was sent into the woods to bring back a cow at age 4 after dark. Talk about a hard scrabble life. My father was beat with a horse whip if he asked for food.