Do outsdie ducklings rasied by mom need niacin supplement too?

kitkatbahr

Songster
10 Years
Apr 25, 2009
272
3
131
Merritt Island, FL
Hi,

I have a Muscovy hen with two ducklings that hatched out 3 weeks ago. They have been outside with mom in their pen since day 1. They are eating unmedicated chick starter and anything else they find (lots of flies -they are really good at catching them!). There is grass in their pen, along with some weeds and I have seen them eating grass. I am not sure what they eat naturally that gives them niacin. Do they need it supplemented if they live outside like this? I am supplementing Sunny, my inside pekin baby, but it is because she lives inside (although she goes outside everyday to forage and play in her tub). I haven't been supplementing the muscovy ducklings. Then I thought about it today and wondered should I be supplementing them? I know what niacin is for (leg problems, etc) but where does it come from naturally?

Thanks.
Kathy
 

Happycheese

In the Brooder
9 Years
Apr 8, 2010
64
0
39
Carlisle, PA
"The terms niacin, nicotinamide, and vitamin B3 are often used interchangeably to refer to any member of this family of compounds, since they have the same biochemical activity
.....
niacin deficiency in humans is called pellagra it tends to occur in areas where people eat maize (corn, the only grain low in niacin) as a staple food."
-Wikipedia.com

Listed on the site (posted what ducks, or bugs, might eat):

"Niacin is found in variety of foods including liver, chicken, beef, fish, cereal, peanuts and legumes and is also synthesized from tryptophan, which is found in meat, dairy and eggs.

Fruits and vegetables:
avocados
dates
tomatoes
leaf vegetables
broccoli
carrots
sweet potatoes
asparagus

Seeds:
nuts
whole grain products
legumes
saltbush seeds

Fungi:
mushrooms
brewer's yeast"
-Wikipedia.com
 

Bleenie

Wyan-DO's
10 Years
Jul 14, 2009
5,014
78
268
The Beautiful Pacific NW ,WA
I've never supplemented any of my ducklings (brooder or mom raised) with niacin. I've never had a leg problem, except hatch-related issues, but never had a problem with my Muscovy ducklings.

I will sometimes add a little Avia Charge 2000 to the water if i have chicks, but that's the only time i use vitamins. They've all done very well on their own so far.
 

Happyflower

Songster
10 Years
Jun 3, 2009
108
0
109
Midwest
I noticed on that list avocados were listed, I know they are poisonous to my cockatiel, I assume they would be for ducks too.
 

newchickmom09

Songster
10 Years
Jul 15, 2009
1,745
24
209
ARIZONA
I don't think they do if they are outside. Momma duck shows them the ropes and what to eat and waht not to eat. I had 2 ducklings inside for a few day and the rest were outside with there mom and the ducklings outside were almost twice the size of mine inside, more lively, and active. I would say if they have room to forage around and food avaible you don't need to suppliment anything.
 

goosedragon

Songster
10 Years
Mar 28, 2009
2,351
21
171
Central NC
Quote:mostly plants, unprocessed grains work pretty well too. once I can get my birds outside and grazing I forget about Niacin supplements.
 

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